News & Analysis
News & Analysis

Trading Forex – USD/CNH

27 March 2017 By GO Markets


Trading Forex – USD/CNH

The Chinese Yuan (RMB) has doubled its share of global currency trading from 2013 to 2016, advancing from the ninth place to the sixth-most traded currency pair, according to the triennial survey conducted by the Bank for International Settlements last year. This highlights the growing importance of the Chinese Yuan as a global currency.

CNH (Chinese offshore yuan) and CNY (Chinese onshore yuan)

A crucial difference between the two is that CNY is strictly controlled by the People’s Bank of China and only traded domestically while CNH is allowed to trade outside the mainland – mostly in Hong Kong. The PBOC set the CNY rate every weekday and it can move within a 2% range during the day.  Although the CNH rate is mostly determined by market forces, it tends to stay within close range of the CNY as per the chart below.

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A Fundamental look – Spot USDCNH


U.S. and Chinese Industrial Production
Latest figures show that U.S. industrial production was unchanged in February following a 0.1% drop in January, with 0.5% rise of manufacturing output for its sixth consecutive monthly increase. Meanwhile, Chinese industrial production rose by 0.3% since January following a 0.2% decrease at the beginning of 2017. As coincident indicators of overall economic activity and GDP, these industrial production figures seem to influence positively on CNH more than USD before release of next month numbers.

U.S. and Chinese CPI
Chinese CPI weakened from 2.5% to 0.8% in March, 1.1% lower than market anticipation while U.S. CPI declined from 0.6% to 0.1% in the same month and was higher than market forecast. This change of U.S. CPI was in line with the prediction and even 0.1% higher, contributing to achieving target inflation and further revising up U.S. dollars. A declining CPI may be viewed as a positive on an already inflated Chinese economy.

With the lowest three-month implied volatility among emerging market’s currencies, Chinese yuan is stated by Chinese policy makers as “stable” with no surprise now. An increase in M2 money supply despite Chinese restrictions on capital outflows may put more pressure of the CNY.

U.S. and Chinese Trade Balance
7th March 2017 – $-60B, Chinese trade balance was much lower than forecast ($170B) and broke its long-term trend of trade surplus, levying a heavy burden on the depreciation of Chinese yuan. U.S. actual balance ($-48.5B) was slightly lower than anticipated ($-47B) leaving the USD unchanged.

 U.S. Interest Rate Hike
As per market expectation, the Federal Reserve voted to raise benchmark lending rate by a quarter percentage point, to a range of 0.75% to 1%, on the early morning of March 16th (2pm, 15th March, New York time). An inflation target of 2%, full-employment and stable prices are starting to come together indicating further hikes this year, giving momentum to increased investor confidence about an improving US economy. The Fed statement still projected two more interest-rate hikes this year, offering a strong bullish sentiment for U.S. dollars in the medium to long term.

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Source: GO Markets MT4 Platform

According to daily USD/CNH graph, it shows a clear-cut primary upward trend composed of increasing peaks and toughs since 2016, despite 3 retracements happened at the beginning of 2016, in July 2016 and at the end of last year. In 2017, a reversal has been pushed back since 2nd Feb suggesting a consolidation around ¥6.8720.

Further upside of USD/CNH looks likely and this uptrend seems likely to continue in the long run. For short-term speculators, keeping an eye on relevant policies and events as well as doing more detailed technical analysis are both required.

The Key Things Worth Nothing for Month Ahead

New York Time

10am, 28th March U.S. Conference Board Consumer Confidence
8.30am, 30th March U.S. First Quarter GDP
8.30am, 4th April U.S. Trade Balance
2pm, 5th April U.S. FOMC meeting
8.30am, 7th April U.S. Unemployment Rate
10pm, 12th April China Trade Balance, industrial Production and First Quarter GDP
8.30am, 14th April U.S. CPI
23rd April – 7th May First Round of French Presidential Election

By Irene Wang, GO Markets

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